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Find below examples of externally commissioned projects that are/were conducted by CNI. Other current projects can be found on the website of the Faculty of Electrical Engineering & Information Technology under research activities in the field of communication networks.


Currently Running Projects


DFG-Research Projects


SFB 876: The collaborative research center SFB876 brings together data mining and embedded systems. On the one hand, embedded systems can be further improved using machine learning. On the other hand, data mining algorithms can be realized in hardware, e.g. FPGAs, or run on GPGPUs. The restrictions of ubiquitous systems in computing power, memory, and energy demand new algorithms for known learning tasks. These resource bounded learning algorithms may also be applied on extremely large data bases on servers.


DFG-Forschergruppe: Following the liberalization of electricity markets and the increasing use of renewable energies, the electric transmission networks in Europe are operated closer to their limits. To ensure the safety and reliability of the operation under these stringent requirements, the DFG research group at the Technical University of Dortmund explores in 1511 innovative protection and process control applications, in particular by avoiding large-scale system failures (blackouts). Objective of the research group is to develop a coherent long-range solution for system monitoring and protection of electrical energy systems, ranging from new algorithms culminating in information and communication technology implementation. Protection and control functions for producers of network configurations, transmission corridors and the coordinated power flow control arise from this cross-disciplinary research of nine research institutes from electrical engineering, information technology, computer science and statistics. In a joint new hybrid simulator which has to be explored for energy and ICT systems each developed concept will be examined holistically and validated using realistic energy supply scenarios.



EU Projects

PlanGridEV Logo

PlanGridEV: PlanGridEV is a European Project partly funded in the 7th Framework Programme. The main objective of PlanGridEV is to design new planning rules and operational principles for the optimal integration of Electric Vehicles for different network topologies and with different levels of DER penetration such as PV, wind and solar energy and micro CHP. Tools and methods will be developed that permit DSOs to design new or adapt existing planning rules and investment strategies to ensure technical efficiency and the cost-effective evolution of infrastructures to facilitate the mass roll-out of EV in networks characterized by different levels of DER penetration. Finally, recommendations for the regulatory framework and further developed business models will be elaborated. CNI supports the project with ICT architecture design and evaluates the impact of communication technologies and protocols on the proposed planning rules for DSOs.


e-DASH: In the research project e-Dash ("Electricity Demand and Supply Harmonization for EVs"), partly funded by the 7th Framework Programme of the European Commission, the potential of virtual aggregation of large OEM specific EV fleets (Brand Fleets) is investigated. A major goal of the project is to establish the fleet manager of the EV as a natural participant in the energy market by dealing with the fleet's capacity at the OTC, Day-Ahead as well as the Intra-Day energy trading markets (e.g. EEX in Leipzig, Germany). An OEM specific and EV optimized Over-the-Air (OTA) Telematics Interface is developed enabling the fleet manager to optimize the utilization of the EV fleet as well as capacity or load provisioning to the grid. This near real-time fleet monitoring may ultimately optimize the energy trading processes and allow for more efficient utilization of EV battery capacities as well as economically more efficient use of EV fleets. The Communication Networks Institute of TU Dortmund is responsible for the design, the implementation and validation of the Over-the-Air Interface considering the EV fleet based use case scenarios in e-Dash. Major focus is set on the optimization potential enabled by the OTA interface due to its charge session independence compared to other state of the art V2G communication interface approaches. Current research in Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) as well as Vehicle-to-Infrastructure standardization (e.g. ETSI) is addressed by the contributions of e-Dash.


SmartC2Net: Stability and cost-efficient operation of Power distribution grids are the main targets of novel information-rich demand, voltage, and generation control, while at the same time aiming to reduce costs for the grid infrastructure. However, adding intelligence to the power grid requires communication and computation infrastructure with consequent requirements for additional investments. To be cost efficient, it is, therefore, essential to enable intelligent power grid operation leveraging existing communication infrastructures. Goal of the SmartC2Net project is to develop, implement, and validate robust solutions that enable smart grid operation on top of heterogeneous off-the-shelf communication infrastructures with varying properties. The resulting innovative middleware functions are: (1) adaptive network and grid monitoring, (2) strategies to control communication network configurations and QoS settings, and (3) extended information models and adaptive information management procedures.


Anchors: At large-scale incidents the past has revealed that crisis management, crisis communication and environment surveillance are exacerbated by damaged infrastructure. Especially when radioactivity is liberated due to accidents or terrorist attacks or the infrastructure is destroyed the disaster relief forces are confronted with large challenges. The goal of ANCHORS is to allow a fast and efficient large range reconnaissance of safety-relevant events using a smart combination of autonomous unmanned air and ground vehicles. Additionally an efficient flow of information will be provided by the novel ad-hoc interconnection of all participating relief forces and technical systems. The flow of information will increase the capacity to act of the crisis management and the safety of the crisis reaction forces.


SecInCoRe: SecInCoRe designs a Secure Dynamic Cloud based concept for Information, Communication and Resource Interoperability in multi-agency crisis management, including information exchange and access to a ‘common information space’. This will be based on a pan-European disaster inventory collating information about stakeholders, information systems, resources and data sets used in regional, national as well as in cross European emergencies and disasters. SecInCoRe develops models for sustainable access to the inventory for different users, from open access to commercial service provision. The technical concept/system will be operated by first responders and police authorities from European Member States for collaborative management of emergencies and disasters.



National Projects


SyncFueL: Im Rahmen des Projektes SyncFueL (gefördert durch das Bundesministerium für Verkehr und digitale Infrastruktur, BMVI) wird unter Federführung der TU Dortmund ein System zur Ladung von Elektrofahrzeugen entwickelt, das die Nutzung von selbst erzeugtem Strom aus regenerativen Energiequellen an entfernten Ladepunkten erlaubt. Der Strom aus eigenen Photovoltaik- und Windkraft-Anlagen kann bisher nur vor Ort genutzt oder verkauft und in das öffentliche Verteilnetz eingespeist werden. Durch die Verwendung eines synchronisierten mobilen SmartMeters (SMSM) kann die Ladung eines Elektrofahrzeugs mit der Einspeisung an entfernter Stelle synchronisiert werden. Die daraus potentiell resultierende Senkung der Strombezugskosten an der entfernten Ladesäule kann zu einer Refinanzierungsmöglichkeit von E-Fahrzeugen und Ladeinfrastrukturen führen. Der SMSM wird gemeinsam vom Institut für Energiesysteme, Energieeffizienz und Energiewirtschaft und dem Lehrstuhl für Kommunikationsnetze entwickelt. Ein Feldtest u.a. mit E-Fahrzeugen der kommunalen Flotte der Stadt Dortmund erfolgt an ausgewählten Standorten der Klinikum Westfalen GmbH in Verbindung mit kommunalen Standorten der Stadt Dortmund und ggf. privaten Haushalten. Das Projekt startete am 01.01.2015 und hat eine Laufzeit von drei Jahren.



Completed Projects


EU Projects


MORE: (Jun 2006 - May 2009) The IST-MORE project (Network-centric Middleware for GrOup communication and Resource Sharing across Heterogeneous Embedded Systems) is a research project funded by the European Union during the 6th Framework Program. The project builds upon recent approaches in embedded systems research implementing a middleware to overcome the heterogeneity of available network technologies. MORE implements a new service environment to facilitate communication and distributed intelligence across groups of users using different wireless standards. It addresses the problem of how the interaction between groups of humans and embedded systems can be efficiently supported by developing a system that can be easily tailored to the specific needs of diverse application areas. The project targets the design of a web service based middleware that hides the complexity of the underlying heterogeneity of embedded systems through providing simplified APIs and management mechanisms for future operators utilizing the MORE middleware.


INTERMON: (Apr 2002 - Mar 2004) The project INTERMON developed and demonstrated a scalable interdomain QoS architecture with integrated topology discovery, monitoring, modelling, simulation and visual data mining components. Specialized tools have been developed allowing user interaction for managing interwork of components using a database which is able to process different kind of information automatically and policy-based. At this conjunction time dependent interdomain performance and traffic information has been used, as well as application QoS and event data.



National Projects


metropol-E: The electric mobility project “metropol-E” is funded by the Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Development (BMVBS) in the next two years. Local mobility concepts are electrified, and will be tested in conjunction with intelligent and fast charging technologies in the Ruhr area. The municipal fleet in the city of Dortmund is expanded with electric vehicles and e-bikes and is associated with a variety of innovative electric mobility applications. Examples include innovative fast charging techniques and user-friendly accounting methods for full electric vehicles in the city pool. All this is happening against the background of the intelligent integration of renewable energies. For CO2-free charging of the vehicle fleet intelligent photovoltaic systems and micro wind turbines will generate locally the required renewable electricity. The Communication Networks Institute will develop services that collect specific information about the vehicle fleet and integrate them into the booking and reservation system for vehicles. This networking will improve the mobility concept and the energy efficiency of the municipal fleet.


open ECOSPhERE: The aim of the project „open ECOSPhERE - Enabling open Markets with Grid & Customer-oriented Services for Plug-in Electric Vehicles “ is the linking of requirements and needs of future energy markets with rapidly changing demands of EV users. For this purpose, the project consortium develops service-oriented and user-friendly ICT solutions and applications to match the supply and demand of changing energy markets in the area of tension between user and energy systems, thus, leading to an efficient and sustainable market outcome. Therefore, the present project focuses on two areas of innovation. On the one hand it concentrates on developing services for energy systems and on the other hand it deals with services for EVs and its users. The Communication Networks Institute is responsible for the design, analysis and evaluation of ICT-based strategies for the provision of energy services by EVs, especially in the context of specific use of fluctuating renewable energy sources for EV charging.


TIE-IN: A future widespread use of electric vehicles requires reliable and comprehensive charging infrastructures. The communication between all systems which are involved in order to control and monitor charging processes or to enable flexible billing of charging operations becomes an important factor for the acceptance of the intended electric mobility. It will be a highly distributed infrastructure in a multi-vendor, multi-network and multi-service environment with spatially separated and partially mobile components, which are essential for the integration in established IT-Systems in order to enable reliable grid control. The challenge is to ensure the interoperability of such a system, consisting of different charge point operators, electrical grid components and multitude electric vehicles, through standardized data structures and reliable communication protocols. The central contribution of the Dortmund University of Technology for the "NRW Center of Excellence for Electric Mobility - Infrastructure and Networks" is the project named "Technology and Testing-platform for Interoperable E-mobility, Infrastructure and Networks" (TIE-IN). In order to evaluate new products for their interoperability, within the TIE-IN project a center of excellence consisting of a test- and development environment is build up that can be used by grid- and charging infrastructure operators as well as by different manufacturers in the context of E-Mobility.


eNterop: In the context of the energy revolution, electro mobility takes a central key position! From an energy-economic standpoint, electrical vehicles as controllable loads and decentralized energy storages can contribute to stabilizing power grids. Therefore, they play an important role when it comes to effective usage of grids, but also in the context of sustainable private transport. Hence, the international standardization for ISO/IEC 15118 vehicle-to-grid (V2G) communication interface is the key factor for the interoperability of electric vehicles and future charging infrastructures, as well as for the integration of electro mobility in the energy-economic value chain. A precondition for that is the required broad acceptance of electro mobility and, thus, an intelligent and seamless infrastructure integration. This can only be attained economically, when the interoperability of all vehicles produced and deployed world-wide with the infrastructure can be ensured. Interoperability also plays a central role when it comes to user acceptance. The goal persists to have a million electric vehicles already placed in the german market until 2020. Since July 2012, the Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology (BMWi), therefore, funds the project "eNterop". Its goal is to ensure an interoperable communication between electric vehicles and charge spots. Only thereby, a broad acceptance of electro mobility can be attained. In the course of the project, automatable test runs shall be realized in software and hardware that help to ensure interoperability between such systems. On the other hand, a reference platform shall be defined and be publicly disclosed to help especially small and medium enterprises (SMEs) to access the market. The project with a lifespan of 2 years and a volume of approximately 4.6 million euros is funded at 50 percent by BMWi and the participating industry partners.


Sec2: (Nov 2010 - Okt 2013) Cloud Computing is an emerging technology that is attracting increased attention as a high-performance and low-cost solution to process arbitrarily huge data and share them among different users and organizations. Nonetheless, this technology rises new questions concerning security and privacy, especially when working with highly confidential data. Existing solutions offering end-to-end security are of no help since the stored data is only encrypted during its transport. Therefore, a message-level security must at least be applied to protect those data during and after the storing process. This security project investigates a novel solution for secure and highly scalable data storage in the cloud. It allows each client to encrypt outgoing data on his device and share it among a defined user group while using a seamless service provision. The property of Sec2 solution is that users keep full control over their data and no changes on the existing infrastructure of cloud storage services are needed.


AVIGLE: (Jan 2010 - Sep 2013) The innovative project AVIGLE will expand the current state-of-the-art in security research through a multifunctional avionic digital service platform. This platform will be based on civil autonomous flying robots (Micro Unmanned Aerial Vehicles – MUAV) while delivering near real-time 3D virtualization and groundbreaking strategies for ad-hoc radio coverage in cellular networks. These innovative services enable public institutions to improve their rescue operations in case of incidents. This platform also allows for cost-efficient access to the provided services for private companies clearing the way towards new business models. The platform will allow the user to efficiently create digital 3D models for buildings, estates or even whole cities. In addition, AVIGLE will offer the opportunity to temporarily extend the capacity of the cellular network for security and commercial applications in case of rescue operations, major events or power failure.


Falschfahrerwarnsystem: (Mär 2011 - Aug 2013) The project Falschfahrerwarnsystem (Wrong Way Driver Detection and Alerting System) deals with the design and development of an electronic detection and warning system of wrong-way drivers on highways using wireless technology. These wireless infrastructure components are used for a passive detection of the driving direction and allow the transmission of specific warning messages (local and wide area) to alert the affected traffic with low latency. Energy harvesting solutions are integrated in the development of the individual components to grant the energy self-sufficiency. A mobile warning unit installed in the vehicle will be optionally developed to allow the integration of local (short range radio) warnings to retrofit modules, navigation devices and mobile phones.


D2-SENSE: (Oct 2011 - Jun 2013) On construction sites, in agricultural business, but also in industrial plants, as well as in logistics centers many accidents still occur due to the fact that drivers of heavy machinery overlook persons because of blind spots and other visual obstructions within the immediate area. The aim of this project is the development of a novel alarming system to advise the drivers of the potential risks precociously.


E-DeMa: (Jan 2009 - Mar 2013) E-DeMa develops solutions to make electricity distribution more intelligent. In the future the customer should be able to organize his electricity consumption on when, for example, the price is cheapest during the day. In addition, the consumer/customer should also be able to act as a provider on the energy marketplace. If, for example, he has a small decentralised cogeneration station or a fuel cell in his cellar or a photovoltaic system on his roof, he can feed excess electricity into the grid. The customer becomes a "Prosumer", in other words a consumer and producer at the same time. The low supply amounts of individual households can be concentrated by the energy marketplace. The energy supply system in Germany will thus become more flexible and local.


SPIDER: (Mar 2009 - Aug 2012) The SPIDER project (Security System for Public Institutions in Disastrous Emergency ScenaRios) is a research project dealing with civil-security. It is funded by the FMER (Federal Ministry of Education and Research) programme "Protection and Rescue of People" in the domain " Scenario-based Security Research". The Spider-federation-system will provide rescue teams at major incidents with an integrated and intelligent communication system that will enable efficient emergency process management.


SAVE: (Nov 2008 - Jan 2012) The project aims at developing a geographic information system, consisting of hardware, software, data and applications. Therewith, position related readings of gas sensors should be determined and digitally revised, stored and reorganised, modelled, analysed and presented in an alphanumeric and a graphic way.


AIRSHIELD: (Jul 2008 - Dec 2011) AirShield (Airborne Remote Sensing for Hazard Inspection by Network-Enabled Lightweight Drones) is a BMBF funded research project in the field of “Civilian Safety Research” which relates to the protection of vital and sensitive infrastructures and general population from man made threats and natural disasters. This project is part of the program called "Research for the civilian safety" in the field of "Integrated protection system for rescue and security forces". In this context, the AirShield project proposes the use of (partly) autonomous mobile drones for reconnaissance purpose and aiding in the forecasting and prevention of emergency situations. The mobile drones equipped with lightweight sensors will collect relevant data/information from the incident scene, which will be processed into tangible and actionable information. This information, represented as the visual and/or spatial landscape of the incident scene, will then be relayed to the relevant authority, which is expected to enhance their mission management capabilities and decision process.


e-mobility: (Jul 2009 - Sep 2011) Next to E-DeMa a second project "e-mobility" funded by the BMWi within the E-Energy initiative started at the Communication Networks Institute. The list of project partners contains RWE, SAP, Ewald & Günter, TU Berlin and from ef.ruhr TU Dortmund. The E-Mobility research project aims at developing and demonstrating an innovative and in the existing electricity grid integrable charge, control and clearing infrastructure for electric mobility. The basis for this are ICT-based system innovations for the realization of an emission-free mobility by making effective use of electric energy in accordance with the customer's requested energy mix. In addition a communication architecture based on current technologies is created, providing customers comfortable value-added services to assist the acceptance of E-mobility. More information will be available on the project's website soon.


MobisPro: (Feb 2008 - Aug 2011) For large organizations mobile simultaneous access to distributed public authority information systems is still a challenge, if requirements such as high performance, security, reliability and simplicity have to be met concurrently. These requirements have been addressed in the German research project Mobile Information System for Process Optimization in Fire Brigades and Public Authorities (Mobis Pro) in cooperation with one of the largest fire brigades in Dortmund, Germany with 1,300 fire fighters and 30,000 rescue operations per year. For instance, in large rescue operations all participating rescue forces need detailed up to date information about the situation at the scene of emergency (e.g. object, building and site plans, video sequences (made by drones or fire fighters)). Today fire brigades own summarized information sheets of the most important buildings and objects in their field of responsibility that are always held on the fire truck. However, this results in insufficient information for the rescue workers during rescue operations. The time needed for receiving essential and not opdated information in the field of danger and fire defense can decide on life or death. Therefore the general goal is to accelerate the process of information provision by information hosts respectively different public authorities.


Galileo4FireBrigades: (Mai 2007 - Jul 2009) GALILEO4FireBrigades entwickelt ein mobiles System zur Lokalisierung und Überwachung des Gesundheitszustandes von Einsatzkräften der Feuerwehr auf Grundlage von GALILEO Diensten zur Erhöhung der Sicherheit. Auf Grundlage zukünftiger GALILEO Dienste werden Clients für den Feuerwehreinsatz entwickelt und prototypisch realisiert. Diese bestehen aus Sensoren zur Bestimmung der physiologischen Parameter und Umgebungsbedingungen der Einsatzkräfte. Zudem sind die Clients in der Lage, Positionsinformationen und gemessene Sensorparameter zu übermitteln, Notsignale zu senden und standortbezogene Warnmeldungen zu empfangen.


MobileEmerGIS: (Jul 2006 - Mai 2008) Within the scope of MobileEmerGIS a group communication system for civil protection was investigated. This was done in cooperation with the PRO DV Software AG and the Fire Department of Dortmund. The project was funded as part of the Future competition Ruhr. The CNI, in particular, has made the following contributions: Creating an approach for reliable networking of emergency information systems, design and realization of a multimedia situation map distribution in groups and design of a virtual mission diary. As middleware, the CNI-PTX group communications system for civil protection was used. As a result a Java client for mobile phones has been implemented.


(Mär 2008) Der Lehrstuhl für Kommunikationsnetze (Communication Networks Institute CNI) der Technischen Universität Dortmund stellt auf der CeBIT 2008 innovative Konzepte für Notfallinformationssysteme vor. Neben neuen Kommunikationssystemen für den Katastrophenschutz und den Rettungsdienst werden u.a. Methoden zur Nutzung des Notfallkanals des europäischen Galileo Satellitennavigationssystems gezeigt. Darüber hinaus werden innovative Konzepte zu Next Generation Networks (NGN) und ZigBee präsentiert.



Contributions for Standardization


PASER: (Nov 2012) The Position Aware Secure and Efficient Mesh Routing Protocol (PASER) aims to efficiently establish accurate routes in terms of metric and legitimated mesh nodes in wireless mesh networks in presence of external attackers. For this purpose, it achieves the following goals: Node authentication, message freshness and integrity, and neighbor transmissions authentication. The novelty of PASER lies essentially in combining asymmetric cryptography with Merkle tree (a lightweight cryptographic primitive) and a keyed-hash function to secure the routing messages. Another key feature of PASER is integrating (virtually) geographical positions of nodes in its hierarchical reactive routing process to enable an advanced network management while mitigating the wormhole attack. Apart from that, to address the problem of node compromise, PASER endorses a key revocation scheme to efficiently exclude those nodes.


NERON: (Jul 2008) IETF has proposed the MIPv6 based Network Mobility (NEMO) Basic Support protocol that handles the mobility management of IPv6 based mobile networks. However, the NEMO protocol has severe performance limitations and does not specify the route optimization method for mobile networks and does not take into account the operational and functional complexities involving nested mobile networks. In this draft we present the NEst Route Optimization for NEMO (NERON) protocol, a light weight, efficient and scalable approach that aims at enabling nodes behind nested mobile networks to use optimized communication paths with zero tunneling overhead and minimum end-to-end delay, irrespective of the depth of the nest, with minimum but manageable changes to the base MIPv6 and IPv6 Neighbor Discovery protocols and without introducing any new network entities.


PB-FMIPv6: (Jul 2008) IETF has proposed the Fast Mobile IPv6 (FMIPv6) protocol, a seamless handover protocol that reduces packet loss during the handover process by tunneling packets from the MN's previous IP subnet to the new IP subnet where they will get buffered. These buffered packets will get forwarded to the MN once it becomes IP- capable in the new subnet. Although, packet tunneling and buffering is an effective strategy to reduce packet loss during the handover process, it will not only incur a high tunneling load on the link between the previous and new subnets, especially for CBR traffic, but it will also account for increased processing load in the access routers due to successive tunneling and de-tunneling of packets. This tunneling load is also dependent on the timing of the FMIPv6 handover decision which, in turn, is directly dependent on the location and speed of the MN. In order to remedy the above mentioned performance limitations, a mechanism called Proactive Bindings for FMIPv6 (PB-FMIPv6) has been proposed that not only reduces the tunneling load during the handover process, but it also decouples the handover decision from the location and/or speed of the MN. An Internet Draft has been submitted to the IETF with the operational and functional details of this new mechanism.


MHD-CAR: (Apr 2008) The Candidate Access Router Discovery (CARD) protocol specified in [1] is aimed to enable seamless IP layer handovers by aiding seamless Layer 3 (L3) mobility management protocols like Fast Mobile IP (FMIP) by providing identity and capability information of the candidate access routers (CARs) to the mobile node (MN) prior to the initiation of handover while the MN is still connected to its current AR. The specifications as laid down in [1], however, characterise a very generic mechanism of the CARD protocol effective only in specific network architecture scenarios and it doesn't take into account the stringent requirements of a fast moving MN and real time communication sessions, especially when it comes to resolving candidate access routers that may be adjacent geographically, but not topologically.This draft addresses the expected shortcomings of the base CARD protocol with respect to fast moving MNs and real time communication sessions by proposing extensions that are expected to improve and/or enhance the performance of the generic CARD protocol as specified in [1].



Open Source Projects


The objective of the openV2G software project is to support the ISO and IEC standardization process to specify the so called "Vehicle 2 Grid Communication Interface" (V2G CI) which will become in the future the ISO IEC 15118 specification. We believe that an open source project serves best the need for evaluating a new technology under specification. The goal of this project is to provide means to verify specified messages, their functionality and ultimately enabling a stable specification. With these objectives we hope that the project is of help for the ISO/TC 22/SC 3/JWG 1 in their specification work.


PASER stands for Position Aware Secure and Efficient Mesh Routing and describes a novel efficient secure routing protocol for wireless mesh networks. The protocol aims to achieve an acceptable tradeoff between security and performance of the routing process in wireless mesh networks. PASER has been implemented for OMNeT++ 4.1 and 4.2, respectively. Currently, it is under development on Linux.


Extensible Mobile IPv6 (xMIPv6) is a simulation model that has been implemented with strict conformance to IETF’s official specification for the Mobile IPv6 (MIPv6) protocol that has been standardised in RFC 3775. It has been developed in the INET20061020 framework for OMNeT++ 3.2 and the accuracy and reliability of its performance has been validated against a real Linux based MIPv6 test bed.



Direct Industrial Cooperations (Examples)


Evaluation of a CAN-based control network

Research contract with industry partner (airplane industry)

Design and prototype development of innovative mobile network service

Research contract with industry partner (supplier for communication infrastructure)

Design and evaluation of a high-performance communication interface for a network device with arbiter functionality

Research contract with industry partner (supplier for automobile industry)

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